The social relation concept as a possible and acceptable base for a common social sciences approach

Reference

Freyssenet M., The social relation concept as a possible and acceptable base for a common social sciences approach, Colloque International Recherche&Régulation 2015 « La théorie de la régulation à l’épreuve des crises », Paris : 10-12 juin . Éditions numériques, freyssenet.com, 2015, 1,3 Mo, ISSN 1776-0941. In french.

Freyssenet M., Slides presentation : The social nexus concept, as a credible and acceptable base for a common social sciences approach, Colloque International Recherche&Régulation 2015 « La théorie de la régulation à l’épreuve des crises », Paris : 10-12 juin . Éditions numériques, freyssenet.com, 2015, 1,21 Mo, ISSN 1176-0941.

The text in french and its slides presentation in english are downloadable. Please, go to the bottom of this page.

Abstract

All social sciences and most theoretical schools use the term social relation, but none gives a reusable definition by others. Now we have the opportunity to conceptualize it more robustly and more acceptably, showing its centrality to understand the history of societies.

The social relations that structure the societies (capital-labour relation, State relation, gender relation, market relation, cooperative relation, religious relation, master-slave relation, etc.) govern a variable number of varied human activities in time and space, and are therefore independent of the nature of these activities. The distinctions between economic, political, ideological, symbolic commonly used to categorize the social relations, are irrelevant to describe their reproduction logic, because they involves indissolubly these aspects. Social relations generate their own reality and their understanding categorizations. Those impose on others universalize and naturalize their reality and their categorizations. Social relations are in fact ways of living together. Their reproduction logics come into confrontation at the time of their extension to all or part of human activities.

Redefined, we will show that the concept of social relation opens a new path, possibly common to the social sciences. It enables to overcome, more successfully than other concepts, many classic and more recent conceptual oppositions that hinder the progress of the scientific debate. The concept of social relation can relaunch the research in new directions beyond disciplinary boundaries: as highlight the logic of reproduction of all social relations, trace the history of their confrontation and the range of created possibilities, characterize each society as a particular combination-confrontation of social relations and thereby understand its trajectory and its crisis, analyse individual practices, their variations and ambiguities in the light of different requirements of social relations in which everyone is involved, historicise and rename the different realities hidden by the universalized objects as work, organization, institution, salary, money, etc. in relation to the social relations that have governed them, etc.

The previous analysis schema is used to understand the confrontation of capital-labour relation and the State-civil servant relation and its role in the current crisis and in the disarray of the left, notably in France. A way to change of balance of power is evocated.

Content

1. Il n’y a pas de nécessités vitales, mais des rapports sociaux qui transforment des constituants de la vie en conditions de la vie

2. Un rapport social implique indissolublement et inextricablement ce que sont pour nous aujourd’hui les dimensions économique, politique, sociologique, symbolique, etc. du social

3. Un rapport social est une manière de vivre ensemble, tout ou partie des activités humaines, qui permet d’avoir accès à ce que ce rapport a constitué en conditions de la vie physique et sociale, dans le lieu et durant le temps où il peut se reproduire comme rapport social

4. Le rapport capitaliste, le rapport étatique et les autres

5. La confrontation du rapport capitaliste et du rapport étatique exacerbée par la crise et la prolongeant

6. Le désarroi de la gauche. Une issue, parmi d’autres, qui mérite d’y réfléchir

Conclusion

Key words

social relation, social science conceptual oppositions, interdisciplinary, national trajectories, individual practices

Concerned disciplines

Anthropology, Economics, Ergonomics, Management, Geography, history, History of Sciences and Technologies, Philosophy, Cognitive sciences, Political Science, Sociology, Statistics

Writing context

Contribution
to personal questioning
to scientific reflection of research laboratory or network
to national and international scientific debate
to diffusion of scientific results
to implementation of scientific results

References, commentaries, critics

Current relevance

See also

Freyssenet M., La division capitaliste du travail, Paris, Savelli, 1977 [1974]. Édition numérique, http://freyssenet.com/?q=node/349 .

Freyssenet M., « Le concept de rapport social peut-il fonder une autre conception de l'objectivité et une autre représentation du social? », in Freyssenet M. et Magri S. (dir.), Les rapports sociaux et leurs enjeux, CSU, Paris, tome 1, 1989, pp 9-23. Édition numérique, http://freyssenet.com/?q=node/124 .

Freyssenet M., « Le rapport capital-travail et l’économique », in Freyssenet M., Magri, S.(dir.), Les rapports sociaux et leurs enjeux, Paris, CSU, tome 2, 1990, pp 5-16. Édition numérique http://freyssenet.com/?q=node/126 .

Freyssenet M., « Processus et formes sociales d’automatisation. Le paradigme sociologique » Sociologie du Travail, n° 4/92, pp 469-496. Édition numérique, http://freyssenet.com/?q=node/375 .

Freyssenet M., « La production réflexive, une alternative à la production de masse et à la production au plus juste? » , Sociologie du Travail, n°3/1995, pp 365-388. Édition numérique: http://freyssenet.com/?q=node/456 .

Freyssenet M., « The intellectual division of labour: a stake in the current crisis? », Key note, 30th International Labour Process Conference, Stockholm, 27-29 March 2012. Digital publications: http://freyssenet.com/?q=node/1761 ; http://ilpc2012stockholm .

Date of the text on internet

2015.05.16

Dates of updatings

2015.10.02

Fichier attachéTaille
Le concept de rapport social.pdf1.26 Mo
* Slides Presentation Social Nexus.pdf1.11 Mo