Reflective Production as a means to analyse sociologically the other Production Systems and to develop a new social relationship


Freyssenet M., Reflective Production as a means to analyse sociologically the other Production Systems and to develop a new social relationship, in Sanberg A. (ed.), Contested Nordic Models of Work and Employment. Volvo Uddevalla and Welfare Capitalism, Stockholm: Arena idé, 2013, pp 31-34. Digital publications:, 2013, 29 Ko, ISSN 7116-0941; ilpc2012stockholm.

The text is a part of the round table "Twenty years after, what can we learn from Volvo Uddevalla?", organized during the 30th International Labour Process Conference, Stockholm, 27-29 March 2012.

It is downloadable, as well as its slide presentation. Please, go to the bottom of this page.

One can download also the book in full.


The text explains why Reflective Production is a means to better understand the structural inefficiency of assembly line and the productive models that use this machinery, to design another type of automation and to develop a new social relationship

Key words

Intellectual division of labour, organization of work, Reflective production, Volvo Uddevalla plant, automation, capital-labour relationship, employment relationship

Concerned disciplines

Anthropology, Economics, Management, History, History of Sciences and Technologies, Engineering, Philosophy, Cognitive sciences, Political Science, Sociology

Writing context

to personal questioning
to scientific reflection of research laboratory or network
to national and international scientific debate
to diffusion of scientific results
to implementation of scientific results

References, commentaries, critics

Current relevance

See also

✔ Freyssenet M., “La production réflexive, une alternative à la production de masse et à la production au plus juste?”, Sociologie du Travail, n°3/1995, pp 365-388. Édition numérique,, 2007, 320 ko, ISSN 1776-0941. Version modifiée et augmentée en anglais, Freyssenet M., “Reflective production: an alternative to mass-production and to lean production?”, Economic and Industrial Democracy, vol. 19, n°1, february 1998, pp 91-117.Digital publication, , 2006, 280 Ko, ISSN 7116-0941.

✔ Sandberg Å. (ed.), Enriching Production. Perspectives on Volvo’s Uddevalla plant as an alternative to lean production, Avebury, Aldershot (UK), 1995, 459 p. Digital edition, New Preface, Åke Sandberg, Stockholm, 2007. Digital publication,, 2007, 5,7 Mo, ISSN 7116-0941.

✔ Boyer R., Freyssenet M., Les modèles productifs, Paris, Repères, La Découverte, 2000, 128 p. Version en espagnol, Boyer R., Freyssenet M., Los modelos productivos, Lumen Humanitas, Buenos Aires, Mexico, 2001, 115 p. Version anglaise révisée, Boyer R., Freyssenet M., The productive models. The conditions of profitability, Londres, New York, Palgrave, 2002, 126 p. Version allemande révisée et augmentée, Boyer R., Freyssenet M., Produktionmodelle, Ein e Typologie am Beispiel der Automobilindustrie, Edition Sigma, Berlin, 2003, 160 p. Deuxième publication en espagnol, Boyer R., Freyssenet M., Los modelos productivos, Editorial Fundamentos, Madrid, 2003, 155 p. Version italienne révisée et augmentée., Boyer R., Freyssenet M., Oltre Toyota. I nuovi modelli produttivi, EGEA, Università Bocconi Editore, Milano, 2005, 170 p.

Websites of publisher, editor and ILPC

Date of the on lining of the downloadable text


Dates of updatings


Fichier attachéTaille
Reflective Production as a conceptual means.pdf127.21 Ko
Contested Nordic Models.pdf777.33 Ko
Présentation MF Symposium.pdf2.82 Mo