The Second Automobile Revolution is underway! Three scenarios in confrontation


Freyssenet M., The Second Automobile Revolution is underway! Three scenarios in confrontation, Slides presentation. The 19th GERPISA International Colloquium “Is the Second Automobile Revolution on the way?” Paris, 8, 9, 10 june 2011, 28 slides. Electronic Publishings:,, 2011, 1 Mo. ISSN 1776-0941.

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It precises and develops previous articles and slides presentation. Below: see also


Since 2008, many changes confirm the second automobile revolution is underway. Three of its four conditions are fulfilled. Three scenarios of transition to cleaner cars are in confrontation: scenario of diversity, scenario of progressiveness, scenario of rupture. The last, that appears the rikiest, could impose, because the second is changing in its exact opposite: the scenario of "all at once". The first is not supported by coalized actors.

Key words

Second Automobile Revolution, scenario, clean car, national energy preferences, new powertrains, hybrid vehicle, plug in hybrid vehicle, electric vehicle, fuel cells vehicles.

Concerned disciplines

Anthropology, Economics, Management, Geography, History, History of Sciences and Technologies, Engineering, Political Science, Sociology.

Writing context

to personal questioning
to scientific reflection of research laboratory or network
to national and international scientific debate
to diffusion of scientific results
to implementation of scientific results

References, commentaries, critics

Current relevance

See also

✔ Freyssenet M., La seconde révolution automobile : ses promesses et ses incertitudes, original en français de «The second automobile revolution : promises and uncertainties», in Freyssenet M. (ed.), The Second Automobile Revolution. Trajectories of the World Carmakers in the 21st century, Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, pp 443-454. Édition numérique :, 2009, 196 Ko, ISSN 7116-0941.

✔ Freyssenet M., The beginnings of a Second Automobile Revolution. Firms strategies and public policies, Convegno « Sfide ed opportunità della filiera automobilistica », organizzato dalla rivista "Economia e Politica Industriale", 17 Maggio 2010, Milano. Digital publication,, 2010, 1 Mo, ISSN 7116-0941.

✔ Freyssenet M., A Second Automobile Revolution? Firms Strategies and Public Policies, in Jullien B. (ed.), Proceedings of the 18th International GERPISA colloquium, « The Greening of the Global Auto Industry in a Period of Crisis », 9-11 June 2010, Berlin, Digital publications,, 2010;, 2010, 160 Ko, ISSN 7116-0941.

✔ Freyssenet M., Three scenarios for a Second Automobile Revolution. The riskiest is not the more improbable, 2011 MMRC-Hosei RIIM-IMVP World Auto Industry Forum: “Changes and Challenges of the Global Automobile Industry: Competiton, Cooperation and Innovation for Sustainable Growth”, Hosei University, Tokyo, 4 march 2011. Digital publication,, 2011, 700 Ko, ISSN 7116-0941.

✔ Freyssenet M., Lo más dudoso no es lo más improbable: el coche eléctrico. La nueva revolución del automóvil, Jornada internacional “Movilidad sostenible y vehículo eléctrico, el motor de la innovación local”, Ayuntamiento de Valladolid, Fundación CEU-San Pablo Castilla y León, 15 de febrero de 2011, Valladolid, España. Edición numérica :, 2011, 1,6 Mo, ISSN 7116-0941.

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